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AUDIOVISUAL. Hominization. Transcription. 2000

Hominization

The last day of the calendar year, the evolutionary history of humankind starts in Africa five and half hours before midnight. 3.5 million years ago the ancestors of man start walking upright around the region of the African great lakes. The human colonization of the planet had started.

00:00:35 2 million years later, the Earth looks dramatically different with the advent of the first ice age. When the ice starts receding the first Europeans settle in nearby Atapuerca Range. His hands already free, the homo antecessor was able to manufacture the tools he needed to survive.

00:01:15 Just 30,000 years ago the glaciers start growing again as our ancestors develop. Homo sapiens had by then a major role in a mostly ice-clad Europe. Sheltered in natural caves, the man sorts his life out and develops an ability for abstract reasoning, marking the birth of symbolic thinking and its main expression—art.

00:02:04 The man that is depicted at the Altamira cave paintings at the end of the last ice age is still a predator. Evolution speeds up: farming and herding turn us into producers. The arrival of pottery is one of several signs of change. An improved use of resources favors the next big step: nomadic lifestyles are replaced by stable settlements. This phenomenon starts in Mesopotamia and Egypt, gradually expanding from there into the whole of Europe.

00:02:39 A great number of settlements blossom in La Rioja all along the first millennium BC. The villages at Partelapeña, in El Redal, and Sorbán, in Calahorra, are the most thoroughly surveyed among them to date. The communities that would later get in contact with Rome were developing in these small settlements—the seed of our current civilization.

 

(3’ 38”) File #24

Logroño, 2000